The American Revolution

Whenever a revolution takes place there are only two outcomes. They either change something or they don’t.

As far as the American Revolution goes, it changed a lot. But why did the revolt happen? Well, one of the problems was that they were being taxed way to high. This was because the American economy had grown by over 20 times. This led to the colonist’s revolting against King George III.

The main strategy of the British during the revolution was to capture all the cities and force the colonist to surrender. But the only cities they were able to capture were Boston, New York and Charleston. But the colonists didn’t quit and while the British took the cities, the Continentals held onto the countryside.

 But the most famous battle of the revolution was the battle of Trenton, where George Washington crossed the Delaware on Christmas morning.

Washington was able to surprise The enemy. This was impressive for Washington as he had just suffered a string of defeats.

The most important battle in the North however, was The Battle of Saratoga. It was a major defeat for the British and mainly due to bad Generalling.

The British continued their stratagy in the South by taking Charleston but went on to lose smaller scale battles. 

But the most important battle of not only the South but probably the whole Revolution was the Battle of Yorktown. It was the key battle of the Revolution because it was the one where the British Surrendered. 

It was after this where the Founding Fathers, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and George Washington, signed the Decleration of Independence on July 4th 1776. Except they didn’t. July 4th is not technically “Independence Day”.

July 4th was just a day to recognise the Decleration and show it off a bit. The Decleration would not actually be written up or be signed until August 2nd. 

John Adams estimated the Delcleration would be signed in June and that Americans would throw a party on the Anniversary each year, with the parties including bonfires and fireworks. He was wrong about the date,But he wasn’t wrong about the celebrations.

4th of July has been celebrated in America since 1777 and as Adams predicted, the holiday is celebrated with feasts, gun salutes and fireworks. 

In 1778, George Washington celebrated the 4th of July by giving his soldiers a double ration of rum.

But 4th of July was not recognised as an unpaid holiday for federal employees until 1870 and later became a paid day off in 1938. 

Although bonfires, fireworks, barbecues and patriotic displays often mark the day. In most military bases 50 bullets are shot into the air (one for each State) as a Salute to the Union.

But the 4th of July isn’t a happy date for some presidents. Both Thomas Jefferson and John Adams died on July 4th 1826 with Madison dying on July 4th 1831.

So, while Indepence Day is not celebrated on the right day, it’s still worth celebrating. 

Happy 4th of July.

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